Series editor(s): Ken Turner and Klaus Von Heusinger
Subject Area: Education
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|Title:||5 Towards a Radically Pragmatic Theory of If-Conditionals|
|Volume:||24 Editor(s): Ken Turner ISBN: 978-0-85724-909-8 eISBN: 978-0-85724-910-4|
|Citation:||Gunnar Björnsson (2011), 5 Towards a Radically Pragmatic Theory of If-Conditionals, in Ken Turner (ed.) Making Semantics Pragmatic (Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface, Volume 24), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.103-141|
|DOI:||10.1108/S1472-7870(2011)0000024007 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Article type:||Chapter Item|
It is generally agreed that constructions of the form “if P, Q” are capable of conveying a number of different relations between antecedent and consequent, with pragmatics playing a central role in determining these relations. Controversy concerns what the conventional contribution of the if-clause is, how it constrains the pragmatic processes, and what those processes are. In this chapter, I begin to argue that the conventional contribution of if-clauses to semantics is exhausted by the fact that these clauses introduce a proposition without presenting it as true so that the consequent can be understood in relation to it. Given our cognitive interests in such non-truth-presentational introductions, conditionals will make salient the wide but nevertheless disciplined variety of contents that we naturally attribute to them; no further substantial constraints of the sorts proposed by standard theories of conditionals are needed to explain the phenomena. If this is correct, it provides prima facie evidence for a radically contextualist account of conditionals according to which conditionals have no truth-evaluable or intuitively complete content absent some contextually provided, sufficiently salient relation between antecedent and consequent.
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