Online from: 1948
Subject Area: Mechanical & Materials Engineering
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|Title:||Tribological synergism of surface-modified calcium borate nanoparticles and sulfurized olefin|
|Author(s):||Jiusheng Li, (PetroChina Lanzhou Lubricating Oil R&D Institute, Lanzhou, China), Lifeng Hao, (School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China), Xiaohong Xu, (PetroChina Lanzhou Lubricating Oil R&D Institute, Lanzhou, China), Tianhui Ren, (School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)|
|Citation:||Jiusheng Li, Lifeng Hao, Xiaohong Xu, Tianhui Ren, (2012) "Tribological synergism of surface-modified calcium borate nanoparticles and sulfurized olefin", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 64 Iss: 4, pp.217 - 223|
|Keywords:||Calcium borate, Corrosion resistance, Films (states of matter), Nanoparticles, Oil solubility, Oils, Sulfurized olefins, Synergism, Tribology|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/00368791211232762 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The work reported here was sponsored by National Basic Research Program of China (i.e. National 973 Program) under Grant no. 2007CB607606.|
Purpose – Sulfurized olefins have been extensively used in many kinds of gear lubricants as EP additives. However, their commercial applications are not totally satisfactory because of the pungent, obnoxious odor and corrosion of copper and copper alloys. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the synergistic effects of one type of calcium borate nanoparticles modified by oleic acid (code to CaBN) and sulfurized olefin, in a kind of mineral base oil MVIS 250, in order to find a potential substitute for sulfurized olefins.
Design/methodology/approach – One kind of calcium borate nanoparticle modified by oleic acid (CaBN) was prepared, and its structures were characterized by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), X-ray power diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The tribological properties of the complex of CaBN with sulfurized olefins (T321) in base oil were evaluated using four-ball tribotester and compared with CaBN or T321 as individual component. The worn surfaces were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In addition, the corrosion-inhibiting properties of additives were also studied.
Findings – The results of tests show that there are significant synergistic effects on tribological properties between two kinds of additives. Based on the results of SEM and XPS, it can be deduced that a wear resistance film containing B
Originality/value – This paper provides a kind of “green” nanoparticle which possesses excellent synergic effect with sulfurized olefins, and gives another selection for industrial applications in which T321 is needed.
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