Online from: 1980
Subject Area: Economics
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|Title:||Immigrant self-employment adjustment: Ethnic groups in the UK|
|Author(s):||Ken Clark, (University of Manchester, Manchester, UK, and IZA, Bonn, Germany), Stephen Drinkwater, (University of Surrey, Guildford, UK, and IZA, Bonn, Germany)|
|Citation:||Ken Clark, Stephen Drinkwater, (2009) "Immigrant self-employment adjustment: Ethnic groups in the UK", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 30 Iss: 1/2, pp.163 - 175|
|Keywords:||Ethnic minorities, Immigration, Labour market, Self employed workers, United Kingdom|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/01437720910948465 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||Material from the Quarterly Labour Force Survey is Crown Copyright and has been made available by the Office for National Statistics through the Data Archive at the University of Essex. The authors would like to thank two referees and an editor for useful comments on an earlier version of this paper. The views expressed in this work and errors therein are the responsibility of the authors.|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine two aspects of the self-employment adjustment of immigrant groups in the UK. First, how the probability of self-employment for males changes with time since migration relative to the native population and second, how the probability of self-employment for males differs between immigrants and the UK-born within ethnic groups.
Design/methodology/approach – Limited dependent variable regression models are estimated using data from the UK Labour Force Survey collected between 2001 and 2005. The results are presented graphically to make clear the differences between ethnic groups.
Findings – The predicted self-employment probability of “Asian” immigrants increases faster than that of natives over the lifecycle while that of “Black” groups declines. Furthermore, the observed lower propensity of UK-born members of certain ethnic groups to be in self-employment is largely explained by differences in human capital.
Practical implications – High rates of self-employment amongst some ethnic groups in the UK are unlikely to be a transitory phenomenon.
Originality/value – While previous work on the UK has examined patterns of self-employment between groups and over time, the paper looks for the first time at how adjustment within groups takes place over the life cycle and across nativity status.
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