Online from: 1967
Subject Area: Marketing
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|Title:||Beyond the final consumer: the effectiveness of a generalist stakeholder strategy|
|Author(s):||Amir Grinstein, (Guilford Glazer School of Business and Management, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel), Arieh Goldman, (Formerly at the Jerusalem School of Business Administration, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)|
|Citation:||Amir Grinstein, Arieh Goldman, (2011) "Beyond the final consumer: the effectiveness of a generalist stakeholder strategy", European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 45 Iss: 4, pp.567 - 595|
|Keywords:||Consumers, Management strategy, Marketing strategy, Stakeholder analysis|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/03090561111111343 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||Arieh Goldman was a Professor of Marketing at the Jerusalem School of Business Administration, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. He passed away in June 2008.|
Purpose – Managers often face a number of dilemmas with respect to their stakeholders: Who are the most salient ones? How many should they target? How to allocate attention/efforts among them? Based on stakeholders and market orientation research this paper aims to address these dilemmas.
Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a survey of managers in a cross-industry sample of 115 firms. The authors first identify a specific group of salient stakeholders – those providing the firm with revenues and financial support. The article then studies the conditions under which firms should adopt a key approach to stakeholders' management – a “generalist” stakeholder strategy, that is, deal with a larger number of revenue and funding producing stakeholder types, and/or more evenly spread attention/efforts among them.
Findings – The findings suggest that a generalist stakeholder strategy has a positive effect on firms' performance among resource-rich firms and among firms who face dissimilar (“unrelated”) stakeholders. Also, degree of environmental volatility was not found to moderate the relationship between a generalist stakeholder strategy and firms' performance.
Research limitations/implications – The study contributes to the marketing and stakeholder literatures by identifying and studying a group of important stakeholders beyond final consumers – those providing the firm with revenues and financial support, and by studying the conditions under which firms benefit from one key approach to stakeholders – a “generalist” stakeholder strategy. The study's limitations characterize most cross-sectional survey research (e.g. single informants, subjective performance assessments). However, substantial efforts were made to ensure the validity and robustness of the findings.
Practical implications – The study offers managers insight into the organizational and environmental conditions under which firms should adopt a generalist stakeholder strategy.
Originality/value – This is one of the few papers that integrate into the marketing literature the study of stakeholders. Specifically, it introduces the concept of a generalist stakeholder strategy.
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