Online from: 1990
Subject Area: Management Science/Management Studies
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|Title:||Neighborhood conflicts: the role of social categorization|
|Author(s):||Elze G. Ufkes, (Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands), Sabine Otten, (Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands), Karen I. van der Zee, (Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Twente, Twente, The Netherlands), Ellen Giebels, (Department of Psychology of Conflict, Risk and Safety, University of Twente, Twente, The Netherlands)|
|Citation:||Elze G. Ufkes, Sabine Otten, Karen I. van der Zee, Ellen Giebels, (2012) "Neighborhood conflicts: the role of social categorization", International Journal of Conflict Management, Vol. 23 Iss: 3, pp.290 - 306|
|Keywords:||Black sheep effect, Ethnic conflict, Intergroup emotions, Social behaviour, Social categorization, Social conflict, Stereotypes|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/10444061211248985 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||This research is part of the research program of the Institute for Integration and Social Efficacy (ISE) of the University of Groningen, and was partially funded by the housing companies in Arnhem, The Netherlands. The authors would like to thank Maarten Koekkoek for his valuable help in collecting the data for this study. Elze G. Ufkes is now at the Department Psychology of Conflict, Risk and Safety, University of Twente, The Netherlands.|
Purpose – In a multicultural context, this study aims to investigate the effect of ingroup versus outgroup categorization and stereotypes on residents' emotional and behavioral reactions in neighbor-to-neighbor conflicts. Based on the literature on the “black sheep effect”, the authors predicted that residents would actually be more irritated by ingroup than outgroup antagonists. Secondly, they predicted that reactions to deviant behavior by an outgroup antagonist would be shaped by the valence of stereotypes about the respective groups.
Design/methodology/approach – Residents with either a native-Dutch or a Turkish background (
Findings – Supporting the black sheep effect, results reveal that both native-Dutch and Turkish residents reported more negative emotions towards an ingroup than an outgroup antagonist. In addition, when confronting an outgroup antagonist, stereotype negativity was related to more negative emotions and intentions for destructive conflict behavior.
Social implications – The current study demonstrates that residents may actually get irritated more easily by ingroup than outgroup antagonists. Reactions to outgroup antagonists are further moderated by stereotype valence; negative outgroup stereotypes may lead to less tolerance towards outgroup antagonists and higher chances for conflict escalation.
Originality/value – This is the first paper in which evidence for the black sheep effect is obtained in a field study and simultaneously for majority and minority members. In addition, evidence is presented that emotions may mediate the influence of the antagonist's group membership on conflict behavior.
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