Online from: 1989
Subject Area: International Business
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|Title:||Comparing R&D consortia in Taiwan and the Chinese mainland|
|Author(s):||Qiang Xu, (College of Business Administration, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China), Renyong Chi, (College of Business Administration, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China)|
|Citation:||Qiang Xu, Renyong Chi, (2009) "Comparing R&D consortia in Taiwan and the Chinese mainland", European Business Review, Vol. 21 Iss: 5, pp.481 - 497|
|Keywords:||China, Innovation, Research and development, Taiwan|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/09555340910986691 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – R&D consortia as a new R&D cooperative form flourished in Japan, the USA, and Europe and can be regarded as a major tool for promoting industrial technological innovation and enhancing industry competitiveness. Inspired by R&D consortia in advanced countries, Taiwan and the Chinese mainland seek to develop the cooperative R&D mechanism in their own distinctive contexts. The purpose of this paper is to identify the patterns of their formation and development and to reveal the dynamics of R&D consortia (termed “public technological platforms” – PTPs) in the Chinese mainland) to give some implications for other developing countries that try to model the cooperative R&D policy for their own technology catch-up programmes.
Design/methodology/approach – The paper provides an explanatory framework for analyzing how Taiwan and the Chinese mainland seek to develop R&D consortia based on comparative analysis and case study.
Findings – R&D consortia in Taiwan and PTPs in the Chinese mainland have unique structural characteristics with their common catch-up goals and have been developing in different ways reflecting the relationships and interaction between academia, industry, and government. The effectiveness of R&D consortia is largely determined by the institutional arrangements including goal setting, organizational arrangements, and government involvement.
Research limitations/implications – Further analysis of R&D consortia and PTPs would be required to form empirical studies based on the collection of more extensive data.
Practical implications – The key to R&D consortia/PTPs' success is how to devise institutional arrangements to ensure effective cooperation between academia, industry, and government and to implement certain technology strategies effectively.
Originality/value – This research contributes by identifying the differences in development of Taiwan R&D consortia and Chinese mainland PTPs and by revealing their evolutionary process.
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